All the stones excavated in the earth and subsequently processed for use are called Natural Stones. Natural stones are used in jewelry, construction, cosmetics, and other purposes. Certainly, we are discussing here about natural stones used in construction, be it for flooring, wall tiles, decorative tiles, bathroom tiles, countertop, tabletop, vanity, sink, pebbles, pavers, statues, planters, fountains and many more. We hope that this information will help you to choose from the Stones available in India or the world for your home.
There are various types of natural stone tile or natural stone slab available in INDIA depending on their technical specifications, hardness, porosity, finish and various other factors.
The main categories are: GRANITE, MARBLE, TRAVERTINE, SLATE, QUARTZITE, SAND AND LIMESTONE.
We must choose the stone according to the environment of the area (Appearance and use of the area) and its use (High traffic or little traffic).
STONE, BOARD: Certainly these are the softest stones and can be peeled off with any regular pressure. Also, these can only be available in natural split surface. As these are soft, it is only recommended for ceramic tiles and low traffic floors (Home / Bedroom) with adequate sealing. More slate stones are available in split natural surface and tumbled finish. Especially the beauty of this stone is more visible / eye-catching only in the natural split finish. Saggy tiles are primarily used as a backsplash in the kitchen and bathroom. These are available in Tile (10x10cm to 30x60cm) and some are 60×60 / 60x90cm. Jack Multicolor Tiles, Jack Black Slate Floor Tiles, Kund Multicolor, Indian Fall Slate Tile, California Gold Slate, Madras Multi, Rustic Autumn, Raja Red, etc.
QUARTZITE STONE: Especially These are harder than slate tiles. Certainly due to the quartz particles present in it. Other quartzite tiles have both options to be used as floor tiles and as wall tiles. It is used freely indoors and outdoors. Other quartzite tiles are also used for table tops.
Finishes: – Quartzite stone is available in natural split, polished, polished and leather / antique finish. In addition, the different finishes, such as natural, polished and brushed, have a different look and certainly bring out the beauty of the depth of the stone.
Available sizes They are tiles and slab of small size. Few names are Copper Quartzite Tiles, Golden, Green Gold Quartzite Tiles, Deoli Green, Silver Glitter, Ocean Green, Silver gray quartzite, Zeera Green, Himachal White Quartzite, Himachal Black, Himachal Gold, etc.
TRAVERTINE STONE: Travertine has pin holes in the stone stone structure. These holes are of various sizes. Some are small, others are a bit large at 5mm. In addition, it is a soft stone and is mainly used to give an antique look to the Wall. It has an antique look in the natural finish and is mostly available in tile size. Travertine is not found in India.
INDIAN SANDSTONE: Certainly these are harder than slate and quartzite stone. These are used primarily as paving slabs around the world in natural split face finish. In addition to Pavements, these are used in pavements and wall tiles also in different finishes.
Available Finishes: -Natural split face, Smooth / Sharpened, Polished, Sanded, Dried and leather.
Important: – The paving slabs are non-slip tiles. Cold countries like Europe, Asia, America, and many others used Indian sandstone as tile due to its anti-slip tendencies.
Paving slabs are used in garden / path flooring. Other finishes are used as interior flooring and cladding. Sandstone is not as hard as granite. It absorbs water very fast. Indian sandstone is used in both hot and cold temperatures in the Gulf countries. More natural finish exterior / driveway / parking flooring recommended.
Available sizes: – Indian sandstone is available in 30x30cm to 60x120cm in natural split face slabs. Smooth surface finish is processed maximum 80cm high and 180cm long. As very large raw blocks are not available, we have to compromise on size. Few popular Indian sandstones are Teak wood sandstone, Rainbow sandstone, Dholpur beige sandstone, Agra Red Sandstone, Chocolate, Kandla Gray Sandstone, Autumn Brown Sandstone, Desert Brown, Charcoal Black, Yellow, etc.
LIMESTONE: Harder equivalent to sandstone, these have a soft feel when touched. More limestone tiles are recommended as flooring (interior and exterior). These are fragile in nature. More interior floors in polished / honed finish and exterior floors in natural split finish are recommended. In addition, the wall tiles can be used in natural, polished or polished finish. Certainly, due to the softness of this stone, they are highly recommended on natural stone steps, benches, garden table tops, etc. Most limestone is available in small size tiles and slabs. Few popular limestones are Kota blue limestone, Kota black limestone, beige limestone, and Kota brown limestone.
INDIAN MARBLE: Marble is a type of limestone, it is basically softer and more sophisticated in feeling. Certainly, marble gives an attractive antique look to the floor, wall, or any counter. Polished finish and leather / antique are available.
Available sizes: – Marble is available in block form in Nature. These are cut into chunks with large sawing machines and then cut into sizes. That is why these are available in small tiles to large slabs.
Some of the most popular marbles are Rainforest Green Marble, Rainforest Brown Marble, Rainforest Yellow Marble, Ita Gold Marble, Fantasy Brown Marble, Indian Green Marble, Pink Marble, Lady Onyx Marble, White Marble, Mercury Black marble, Polar white marble and many more. . A wide variety of marble is available in India.
GRANITE: Certainly, granite is the hardest rock (except diamond) in the building stone category. More granite tiles, slab, countertop, steps, risers are used in interior and exterior decoration. These are available in Tiles, Small and Large Saw Slabs. These come in various finishes such as, honed, polished, brushed, leather, and flamed. In addition These are recommended according to the area of use. Popular Indian granites are Absolute Black Granite, Galaxy Black Granite, Mari Gold, Desert Brown, Royal Cream, Jhansi Red Granite, Rajasthan Black Granite, Beauty Black Granite, Delicatus White Granite, White Granite. Alaska, Copper Silk Granite, Mari Gold Granite, Desert Brown Granite, Tiger Skin Granite, Red Multicolor Granite, Tan Brown Granite, Silver Gray Granite, Black Pearl Granite, Viscon White Granite and many more.
Semi precious stones: – Semi-precious stones are processed from small pieces of agate stone, mother of pearl stone and various other stones. Certainly these are very fine polished stones. The polishing quality is very fine compared to other natural stones such as granite and marble. Semi-precious stones are used as wall tiles, bathroom tiles, panels, decorative partition panels, sinks, and marble rugs. Popular agate stones are blue agate, red agate, black agate, brown agate, golden agate, etc. Tiger Eye, Jasper, Sapphire are some other qualities.
Flexible stone veneer: – Indian slate stones are processed in 2mm thickness for eco-friendly use. Large format sheets are prepared in 2 mm thickness. The 2mm thin sheets of Slate Stone peel off the original Slate stone with a fiber mesh backing to strengthen the sheets from any damage.
Sizes: – 610x1220x2mm and 1220x2440x2mm.
Specialty: – Flexible to use on any curved surface, Light weight, large format, low color variation. Being many leaves they are produced from a stone.
Flexible stone veneer used on any curved surface, round surface. In addition, it is also available in a Translucent and woven finish. The translucent ones are used as backlighting and the fabric is used for curved areas of furniture, etc. The finish of the fabric is as flexible as the fabric.
Available colors: – Flexible stone veneer is available in more than 20 slate stones.
Hopefully we have given as much detail as possible about the various building stones. You can contact Dharti Craft at any time if you have any questions.